In EYFS, reading is taught predominantly through phonics lessons. However, comprehension skills are introduced and begin to be developed through listening to stories and responding orally. There is a large focus on introducing and developing story language and vocabulary. Children are taught the generics of stories, such as beginning – middle – end, and ‘happily ever after’ and villains and heroes. Adults regularly share books and begin discussions around them, prompting the children to think about why something is happening or what may happen next. Phonological awareness is developed through a variety of activities. Rhyme and song are used to develop this too.
More information about our phonics scheme, ELS (Essential Letters and Sounds) can be found here.